easy grow guide
(F1 viola spp)
Plug Production: 512 or 288 plugs
Sowing/Media: Use a well-drained, disease-free, peat based plug medium with pH 5.5-5.8, EC
0.75mmhos. Cover seed with coarse vermiculite
Germination Stage 1: (4-5 days)
Keep medium uniformly moist, media temperature should be 65-70°F (18-21°C), Keep light levels <1500 f.c. until cotyledons are open.
Germination Stage 2: Dry down covering slightly to improve rooting and control floppiness, maintain media temperature at 65-70°F (18-21°C), once cotyledons have opened light levels should be
Germination Stage 3: Allow media to dry further between irrigations, practice a good wet/dry cycle but avoid wilting, media temperature should be 65-68°F (18-20°C), light levels should be around
3000 f.c. with shading in hot weather Fertilize every other watering with 100-150ppm N (nitrate form) from 15-5-15, 17-5-17, or 13-2-13 keep media pH at 5.5-5.8 and EC at 1.0-1.5mmhos.
Germination Stage 4: Keep media on the drier side and lower media temperature to 60-62°F (15-17°C), light levels can be increased to 3000-4000 f.c. if possible. Fertilize as stage 3, avoid using high NH4 fertilizers but make sure pH is below 6.5.
Growth Regulators: Sprays of B-Nine (1500–2500 ppm), A-Rest (2–7 ppm), B-Nine (1000–2500 ppm) + Cycocel (500–1500 ppm), or B-Nine (1000–2500 ppm) + A-Rest (1–5 ppm) can be used if needed, but Freefall doesn’t require PGR’s if grown cool. Weather conditions and cultural practices directly affect how much growth regulator to use, so it is recommended that you run your own trials.
Growing On to Finish: 4”(10cm) pots, 10-12”(25-30cm) baskets
Media: Use a well-drained, disease free, peat-based growing mix with pH 5.5-5.8, EC <1.5mmhos.
Temperatures: Keep media temperature at 63-65°F(17-18°C) until roots have developed and then lower to 55-60F(12-15°C) to grow on. Pansies grow better in cooler temperatures, but crop
time will increase if the temperature is below 55-60F(12-15°C)
Light: Keep light levels at 3000-4000 f.c.. Shade if light levels are higher to keep temperatures down.
Irrigation: Practice a good wet/dry moisture cycle to aid root development and control habit.
Fertilizer: Fertilize once a week with 150ppm N (nitrate form) from 15-5-15, 17-5-17, or 13-2-13 but keep media pH at 5.5-5.8 definitely <6.5 and media EC no higher than 1.0-1.5mmhos.
Growth Regulators: Freefall is a hanging basket and container product and growth can be successfully controlled by temperature and good water management. If PGR’s are necessary, sprays of B-Nine (2500–5000 ppm), A-Rest (3–10 ppm), B-Nine (1500–2500 ppm) + Cycocel (750–1500 ppm), or B-Nine (1500–2500 ppm) + A-Rest (3–7 ppm) will give some control. Weather conditions and cultural practices directly affect how much growth regulator to use so it is recommended that you run your own trials.
Pests: Aphids, Thrips, Two-Spotted Spider Mite and Red Spider Mite.
Diseases: Pythium, Thielaviopsis, Botrytis, fungal leafspots, Downy and Powdery mildew.
512 Plug: 4-5 weeks 288 Plug: 5-6 weeks
Transplant to Finish:
Container Plants/Container Transplant to Finish Transplant to Finish
4” (10cm): 1x plug 3-4 weeks – Autumn 6-8 weeks – Spring
10-12”(25-30cm): 6-7 x 288 plugs 5-7 weeks – Autumn 7-9 weeks – Spring
10-12”(25-30cm): 3 x 4”(10cm) 2-3 weeks – Autumn 2-3 weeks – Spring
Crop times are based on optimum conditions. Alternative environmental conditions and cultural regimes can lengthen the crop times stated above.
“Information copied from the breeder.
Muller will not accept any liability for failure and/or damage as a consequence of incorrect and/or inexpert cultivation by or on behalf of the Buyer.”