Categorie: Outlet

VIOLA WONDERFALL PURPLE AND BLUE SHADES

High-quality, classic pansy flowers on extremely trailing and floriferous plants Vigorous branching habit requires fewer plants per container. Unique for premium containers and hanging baskets. Spreading habit in the landscape for maximum color coverage.

0,075 excl. btw

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SKU: 89404-1 Category:

V I O L A W I T T R O C K I A N A
PLUG CULTURE
Germination: Optimum conditions for seedling development that begins the day the crop is sown until cotyledon expansion. Expect radicle emergence in 2 – 4 days.

Cover: Cover seeds lightly with coarse vermiculite to maintain moisture levels.

Media: pH: 5.5 – 5.8 Higher pH levels will encourage Thielaviopsis outbreaks and boron deficiencies which may cause tip abortion and stunted growth. EC: <0.5

Light: Light is not necessary for germination. If utilizing a chamber, providing a light source of 10 – 100 foot candles (100 – 1,000 lux) will improve germination dramatically compared to seed germinated in the dark.

Moisture: Saturated (5) for days 1 – 4 or until radicle emergence. On days 5 – 9 reduce moisture to moist (3). Reduce further beginning day 10 to medium (2).

Humidity: 100% until radicle emergence then reduce to 40 – 70%.

Dehumidify: Provide horizontal airflow to aid in drying down the media through evapotranspiration, allowing better penetration of oxygen to the roots.

Temperature: 65° – 68°F (18 – 20°C) until radicle emergence. Then reduce gradually to 62° – 65°F (17° – 18°C) as seedlings mature.

Plug Bulking/Flower Initiation: Optimum conditions during the vegetative period, beginning at cotyledon expansion, needed for the root to reach the edge of the plug cell AND to make the plant receptive to flower initiation.

Media: pH: 5.5 – 5.8. EC: 0.5 – 1

Light: 2,500 – 3,500 foot candles (25,000 – 35,000 lux).

Temperature: 65°F (18°C) nights; 65° – 70°F (18° – 21°C) days. On established seedlings, reduce night temperatures to 59°F (15°C) to initiate early flowering.

Average Daily Temperature (ADT): 67°F (19°C)

Moisture: Alternate between moisture levels wet (4) and medium (2). Allow media to approach level (2) before re-saturating to level (4).

Humidity: 40 – 70%

Dehumidify: Provide horizontal airflow to aid in drying down the media through evapotranspiration under cool, low light conditions.

Fertilizers: Feed established seedlings with a calcium-based fertilizer (14-4-14) at 50 – 150 ppm nitrogen. Use the lower rates on younger seedlings. An ammonium concentration >5 ppm nitrogen will cause seedling stretch.

Growth Regulators: Pansies can be treated when the first true leaves are fully developed. Apply B-Nine (daminozide) at 2,500 – 5,000 ppm. Pansy also responds to negative DIF treatments, A-Rest (ancymidol) or Bonzi (paclobutrazol).

GROWING ON
Transplant Ready: 5 – 7 weeks from sow in a ‘288’ tray.

Finish Bulking/Flower Initiation: Optimum conditions during the vegetative period, beginning at transplant, needed for the root to reach the edge of the container AND to make the plant receptive to flower initiation.

Media: pH: 5.5 – 5.8;

EC: Avoid EC above 1.5. Pansy roots are sensitive to ammonium salts.

Light: Provide 3,500 – 4,500 foot candles (12 – 15 total mols or 35,000 – 45,000 lux) to hasten flower induction. Supplemental lighting under low light conditions at
350 – 450 foot candles (35,000 – 45,000 lux) will enhance shoot and root growth.

Temperature: 68°F (20°C) days or as cool as possible during warm weather conditions. During the cool season, a night temperature of 59°F (15°C) will promote early flowering. Temperatures below 59°F (15°C) will promote a hardier plant, but will increase crop time and delay flowering.

Average Daily Temperature (ADT): 67°F (19°C)

Moisture: Alternate between moisture levels wet (4) and medium (2). Allow media to approach level (2) before re-saturating to level (4).

Humidity: 40 – 70%

Dehumidify: Provide horizontal airflow to aid in drying down the media through evapotranspiration, allowing better penetration of oxygen to the roots.

Fertilizers: Feed as needed at 100 – 150 ppm nitrogen with a calcium-based fertilizer (14-4-14). During cool weather production, ammonium-based feeds may encourage root rot problems. High nitrogen concentrations may promote stretching.

Nutrition: Malformed and puckered leaves indicate calcium deficiencies. To prevent this, fertilize with calcium nitrate or add calcium sulfate to the growing media before transplant. Boron deficiencies can be distinguished by tip abortion, upper leaf stunting, puckering and thickening of leaves, along with shortened internodes and/or a gnarled mass of lateral shoots. Boron deficiency is more prevalent during warm weather with frequent watering. pH levels below 6 will ensure boron is more readily available to the plant. A one-time application of Solubor will help overcome these problems. NOTE: An overdose of Bonzi (paclobutrazol) may also produce symptoms similar to boron or calcium deficiencies.

Growth Regulators: Apply B-nine (daminozide) at 2,500 – 5,000 ppm. Also responds to negative DIF treatments, A-Rest (ancymidol), Bonzi (paclobutrazol), Sumagic (uniconazol) or B-Nine/Cycocel (chlormequat chloride) tank mix.

Techniques to Enhance Post Harvest Quality
When to Treat: 1 – 2 weeks prior to finish or shipping

Growth Regulators: Spray B-Nine (daminozide) at 2,500 – 3,500 ppm

Fertilizer: Potassium nitrate at 150 ppm nitrogen

Common Diseases: Alternaria Leaf Spot, Downy Mildew, Thielaviopsis Root Rot, Cercospora Leaf Spot

Common Pests: Aphids

PRODUCT USE
Packs, pots, containers, mass plantings

GARDEN SPECIFICATIONS
Light: Full sun
USDA Hardiness Zone: 4
AHS Heat Zone: 9 – 1

“Information copied from the breeder.
Muller will not accept any liability for failure and/or damage as a consequence of incorrect and/or inexpert cultivation by or on behalf of the Buyer.”

 

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